A Refuge for Immigrants in Uncertain Times
Pastor leads movement for social justice
Christa McIntyre | 1/10/2017, 3:43 p.m.
Pastor Mark Knutson is a national leader in a movement for social justice for immigrants struggling to obtain legal status in the United States. Northeast Portland’s Augustana Lutheran Church, a multicultural congregation where he serves as a spiritual leader, is one of the few churches to provide sanctuary for immigrants in fear of being deported.
When a Portland resident and immigrant named Francisco Aguirre was being pursued by federal immigration authorities, Knutson and his church reached out to provide him protection.
After 81 days of living in the sanctuary of the church, Aguirre returned home to his wife and two small children. It was one of few cases in the last decade where a church has offered physical sanctuary to a foreign-born person without documents to be in the U.S. or who has stayed beyond the expiration date of a visa.
“As faith communities we have to always follow what we preach,” Knutson said. “Love. Be as gentle as doves, but as wise as serpents. Be ready to confront challenge. Love, without justice, never works. You have to be ready to march, confront and advocate.”
Pastor Knutson was on the coast, presiding over a sea burial, when the call came in that Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) was attempting to deport Aguirre. Without hesitation, he told his staff to take Aguirre in. Aguirre spent the first night sleeping on the red carpeted church altar, a place where Knutson celebrates communion with his congregation and delivers sermons many times on weekends.
ICE is the country’s second largest criminal investigative agency, next to the FBI under the Department of Homeland Security. Once an immigrant enters the U.S. without visas or other official channels, they are legally considered criminals. Since the 1970’s many Central and South American citizens have fled oppressive and violent governments; not all of them can afford or wait out the long process to enter the United States legally. Some of them must move quickly to avoid being killed by violent factions or drug cartels in their home countries.
Knutson learned firsthand through Aguirre’s showdowns in federal court and the battles with local and national media what it takes to provide safe keeping for immigrants who face deportation by ICE.
“It’s a big commitment for the person doing it,” he told Portland Observer. “The courage is not the congregation; the courage is the person who goes into the sanctuary. You’ve got to be public about it, you’re not hiding somebody. They are coming to live here, while you work things out.”
In the early 1980’s a group led by Jim Corbett, a Quaker, formed a series of sanctuary churches in Texas and the Southwest to help immigrants fleeing violent countries and who were at risk of deportation by the United States back to uncertain futures.
The network of churches was based upon a 19th century system called the Underground Railroad which gave safety to escaped slaves from Southern plantations as they made their way to the free states in the North. Jim Corbett and the others who launched the Sanctuary Movement to help Central and South American refugees were brought to trial but exonerated of committing any crime.